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The African´Youth Education (AYE) award needs your support and here is why. Eight years ago it was started as an event of Topafric, a non-profit organization that caters to the African community in Hamburg, Germany. Today, the award ceremony has blossomed into a movement of its own-- thanks to donor support and the dedication of its organizers. However, AYE`s success over the past eight years has been primarily due to the public`s recognition of the importance of its mission.

The AYE award is an occasion during which a youth of African descent may rub shoulders with other more successful persons from the community and be motivated by them to believe that through hard work and education, he or she too can reach higher in life. Thus a high school student may be inspired by a university student to get a bachelor's degree, an undergraduate student may be inspired by a successful graduate to work harder so he or she too can land a successful job upon graduation and an unskilled worker may be inspired by a skilled worker to sharpen his or her skills so he or she may become more productive.

The importance of this can hardly be overstated. Imagine a kid raised by a single mother from Kenya or Nigeria working multiple jobs that pay her barely enough to survive. The chances of living in an affluent neighborhood with useful social networks for such a kid is very slim. He or she is likely to live in a community of people united by the same economic struggles.

In Hamburg as in many other places in the diaspora, the economic and educational divide intersect with the color line. Under this circumstance, the likelihood of such a kid having as a next door neighbor a scientist or a chief executive officer of a large corporation that mirrors his or her skin color is close to none. Such a condition has the potential to narrow a kid`s self-view and clip his or her wings. A platform like AYE provides the youth in the African community with an opportunity to see beyond their small neighborhoods and to be inspired to go wherever their talents could take them.

But as one could surmise, so much goes into putting together an event for hundreds of people. Invitation letters, phone calls, emails, flyers, venue, catering, transportation, sound and lighting are just some of the inputs. Each of them requires both finance and help from talented individuals. Last October, the AYE award was attended by roughly 500 people from all corners of the country. However, the event took place in a hall that was ideal for no more than 300 persons - a significant gap of about 200.

If past trends are any indication, this year's event, which will take place on Saturday, October 13th, will likely draw significantly more than 500 people. To meet this increase in public interest, the award ceremony must increase its resources in the form of a larger venue, more furniture, transportation, technical equipment and personnel.

The resource increase must also account for the gifts and cash prizes awarded to the selected students and parents. As public interest rises, the number of those deserving of special recognition will likely increase. Atop the financial needs, the award ceremony could also benefit from assistance of the talented event planners among us. Although the task at hand is demanding, it is doable when done together.

The history book is full of tales about heroes who changed the world. But when you look more closely, you will see that often the most significant changes in the world took a long time to arrive and were set in motion by lesser-known.No one person or event is capable of changing the world. It takes a collective effort towards the common goal, with each individual playing his or her part.

I feel very confident in saying that the development of the African youth is of immense interest to you, the reader, which is why I encourage you to get involved. Your contribution may not land you a spot on the front page of any major news outlet, but it could inspire a kid to pick up a book and acquire the knowledge he or she needs to play his or her part in moving the community and the continent we both care deeply about forward.

Mohammed Adawulai

Germany is currently experiencing a state of meteorological emergency. Although many are enjoying the scorching summer, the heat wave has left others with health problems and also led to a drought. Is this a preview of how climate change may soon change our lives? By DER SPIEGEL Staff

It's early August in Germany, and the country is worried, cantankerous and uncharacteristically sluggish. The country's recent dramatic heatwave has seen the water authority in Chemnitz impose a ban on pumping water out of ponds or other urban waters, with the Chemnitz River only 25 centimeters deep in some places. Those caught taking water can be slapped with fines of up to 50,000 euros.

In Gotteszell in Bavaria, a regional railway line had to be shut down because the tracks warped in the heat. And in the city of Bochum, beer brewer Moritz Fiege had to appeal to customers to return their used bottles because he had run out of bottles and crates.

Meanwhile, at the Berlin Zoo, zookeepers are freezing fish, apples and carrots, so they can provide polar bears with chilled food. And in Hamburg, the Hagenbecks Tierpark zoo has installed lawn sprinklers for its alpacas. Germany in the summer of 2018, feels a bit like a country under a hair dryer. A golden, shimmering summer, as disturbing and strange as it is enjoyable. The sun has been beating down relentlessly and has caused a drought. So, what is this? Is it finally a summer worthy of the name or are we already in the middle of climate change? Is this what the future is going to feel like?

In the city of Kassel, two of the three lanes on the A7 motorway had to be closed because the material began melting in the asphalt joints. In Achim near Bremen, burglars stole ice cream worth 170 euros from a delivery service's freezer. In Hamburg, some indoor swimming pools have been closed so that the staff can be deployed at outdoor swimming pools.

Some are celebrating. The Association of the German Confectionery Industry (BDSI) notes that ice cream sales are up 11 percent over the previous year. As are brewers and operators of solar power plants, which are periodically producing more electricity than 20 nuclear power plants.

Many Questions, But Few Answers
A whole country is decelerating into an almost Mediterranean atmosphere. Much that was important has receded into the background, and people seem mostly interested in weather news, weather tips and weather experts. There are many questions, but surprisingly few answers. The summer is so big and our knowledge about the climate still so limited.
wettertrend fuer 7 tage vom 23 07 2018 heiss heisser deutschland bis zu 38 grad
In the meantime, the price of potatoes is climbing on the commodity futures exchange. Temperatures are so hot in the state of Schleswig-Holstein that police are no longer being required to wear their official caps until at least Aug. 10. The drought has meant fewer mosquitoes and fewer weeds because even weeds need water. Electricity is getting more expensive because power plants aren't feeding the warm cooling water into the heated rivers. All in all, it's unbelievable.

When public broadcaster ARD ran a special on the heat last week, airing just after the usual evening news broadcast, it attracted 4.35 million people. The dry season has turned many of us into victims and all of us into witnesses to history in the making.

Germany this August is a country that is slowing down voluntarily in many places, but also coming to an involuntary halt in others. It's a country that is now finding time for the essentials: Time to enjoy things and time to reflect. But is this unusual summer a foretaste of what lies ahead?

Not entirely surprisingly, the science currently available doesn't offer a clear answer to those questions. The climate is a complex thing -- there's more to it than just weather. The climate is a mixture of politics and science, good intentions and scaremongering. Those looking for them can detect patterns everywhere, where others at most observe circumstantial evidence.

Weather, weather experts say, has much to do with psychology. As with earlier disastrous winters, earlier summers of the century are dramatized, romanticized or simply wiped from our memories. In fact, contrary to the perception of many people, the summer of 2018 hasn't even set a new record for a heat wave. Indeed, it has only been since mid-July that temperatures in large parts of Germany have been above 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit).

'Somebody Is Always Complaining'
It is true that the Germans are sweating, but it is also true that there have been times when it was even hotter. During the 2006 World Cup, when the Germans were on a high as hosts of the event, their "summer fairy tale," July was 2 degrees Celsius warmer than it has been this year. And rather than complain about it, people celebrated. Whether temperatures are perceived as invigorating or distressing is highly subjective.

"Somebody is always complaining", says Jörg Kachelmann, Germany's best-known meteorologist. "For some, summer only starts at 35 degrees in the shade, but others consider that to be Saharan heat." In Kachelmann's mind, it's "sheer nonsense." Typically, summers in Germany are known for their capriciousness, and the rollercoaster weather that the tabloids love to report on is perfectly normal.

What makes summer 2018 an exception is the unusually long period of heat. Such a persistent period of fine weather, with lots of sunshine and little rain, occurs on average once every 10 years at most in the country. And given the lack of rain, it's not the heat that's the problem, but the drought -- especially in northern and eastern Germany, where there has been virtually no rainfall in some places since May.

This may be due to climate change, but it may also be unrelated. Germany has also experienced extreme droughts in previous years. In 1992, for example, when wheat withered away in the fields, wells dried up and priests prayed for rain at church services. Or in 1971, when forest fires flared up in many places across the country. Or in 1947, when even drinking water became scarce.

What we do know is this: The reason for this endless summer is a so-called Omega Block. Usually, a strong high-pressure area has already formed by the spring, which is wedged between low pressure areas (the formation gets its name from the fact that it resembles the Greek letter Omega). For months, an omega layer barely moves from the spot. In the manner of a bellows, it temporarily weakens and then quickly rebuilds itself.

This year this stable weather situation arose over Scandinavia. With the sun shining all day long, the dry mainland air has heated up continuously, even in northern Europe. The huge high-pressure cell directs the warm air as far as Germany. On its way south, the warm Scandinavian air hardly barely cools and, as such, forms a heat dome over Germany.

Hotter than Rome
Bernburg in Saxony-Anhalt was the hottest spot in Germany last week. The German Weather Service (DWD) measured 39.5 degrees Celsius on Tuesday: hotter than Rome. Matthias Hirsekorn is the head of the Ameos Hospital in Bernburg. It provides care for people who are unable to cope with the heat. Senior physician Claudia Schmidt works in the Department of Internal Medicine at the Bernburg facility. She has seen how people have literally been dragging themselves to the emergency room in the last few days. Elderly people who have had too little to drink, young people who thought that even in this heat they could go jogging.

The treatment is almost always the same. Schmidt runs tests in order to check electrolyte levels. If necessary, infusions and drinks are administered and the patient is kept in a reasonably cool room. But even that is getting difficult to find. The emergency rooms and operating rooms are, of course, air-conditioned. But the standard patient rooms aren't. There are roller shutters on the windows. In the internal medicine department, they've also installed fans in the corridors. And at night, the nurses become ventilation managers: All the windows have to be opened and then closed again at sunrise.

Typical patients these days include a cyclist riding along the Saale River with little shade, a man who harvested potatoes in the midday heat or people who've drunk beer in the sun and forgotten their hats. Most are treated as outpatients. And drinks and infusions are often enough to get them back on their feet.

Hospital staff can even order special summer uniforms with thinner fabric. They're also provided with free beverages. Hospital director Hirsekorn personally walked through the departments and delivered ice cream to the staff.

Emergency physicians see heat fatigue on a daily basis in midsummer, as well as sunstroke and potentially lethal heat strokes -- often diagnosed in people who have passed out. If a person loses too much salt through sweating, that can also cause a seizure. Joggers, mountain bikers or Nordic walkers are particularly at risk if they continue exercising even when the asphalt is melting outside.

With these temperatures, most emergency calls are placed from retirement homes. A common problem is that there aren't enough caregivers to ensure that the elderly get as much water as they need. The mineral water provided in old people's homes and social services, is often also low in sodium. Tea, coffee and fruit juices are also of little use unless salt is added by other means.

The consequences can be cardiovascular problems, kidney failure and even cardiac arrest. There's a lower risk for most healthy adults in Europe, but the higher temperatures do present a risk, especially in people with pre-exisiting conditions who are over 70. More than 40,000 people died in Western Europe during the last major heat wave in 2003. In Germany alone, 7,000 people died. The victims were mostly elderly, but the heat also killed poor people, homeless, small children and also a large number of people suffering from chronic illness.

Doctors have an unsentimental technical term for the phenomenon: Temperature-related excess mortality.

People taking medication are also at greater risk. Dehydrating drugs, for example for people with heart problems, can cause patients to get dehydrated more quickly. Anti-convulsants and antidepressants can also affect the heat balance. Antihypertensive drugs for lowering blood pressure can also increase the risk of harmful effects from the heat.

The body has a sophisticated system that can withstand even extreme heat. It emits a lot of heat through evaporation, a process better known to us as sweating. Humans have around 2 million sweat glands and can release more than two liters of sweat per hour through them. The less a person replaces the liquids that have been expelled through sweat, the less sweat that person produces.
hitze deutschland bauernverband

Are We Peeking at the Future?
Drought affects well-being, but also changes public space: It transforms the landscape from green to yellow and it also causes people to relax their attire and their behavior. The Roman historian Tacitus, who was very familiar with high temperatures, once wrote of the Germans: "Heat and thirst they cannot in the least endure."

The summer of 2018 provides a hint of what the future might feel like for us Germans, for us Europeans, indeed humanity in general -- on an earth that is one and a half, two or even three degrees warmer than it is today, in which extreme weather conditions are no longer perceived as extreme, but as normal. The heat is also hitting a country that has become sensitive. A country that has suddenly begun worrying about general weather conditions, about the probability of rain and about the medium-term and long-term forecasts. A country that is eagerly awaiting the harvest report for the first time in years because a surprising number of things are dependent on the 2018 harvest: the price of milk and the size of french fries, the quality of wine vintages and the availability of everyday produce: bread and beans, potatoes and peas.

Germans are learning new terms in these weeks: Emergency aid and emergency harvests, "blow-ups" (when the asphalt buckles), apple sunburns and low water situations, the term used by inland waterway operators to describe low water levels that endanger river navigation.

Suddenly, people are showing an interest in niche issues, from barbecue tips and sunblock factor levels to legal questions ("can you lie naked on the balcony?") -- all united in the feeling of experiencing something historic, the beginning of something new, unknown and perhaps even sinister.

In Westerrade, located 25 kilometers northwest of Lübeck, Dietrich Pritschau, 57, stands on his paddock staring at withered sugar beet leaves lying on the ground. For at least six generations, the family has made its living through farming. He runs the business together with his wife Cathrin, his brother Klaus and his son Tyll. "I've never seen anything like this before," says Pritschau. "It all looks so sad the way it is lying there."

Pritschau holds a degree in agricultural engineering. He cultivates more than 1,300 hectares with the help of 14 employees and 2 trainees. He farms 75 hectares near Westerrade, and the rest of his property is located in the eastern state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

These days, his staff are harvesting the last fields about three weeks earlier than usual. The corn stands in the sun with bright, rolled up leaves, they have the pale color of cacti, not the rich, northern German green. On some fields, Pritschau has already treated the stubble, a kind of weed control with tractor and disc harrow. While working, the tractors drew a cloud of dust behind them.

Pritschau grows nine fruits, five of which he has already harvested. In the barley sector, this year's crop failed by 28 percent compared to the average of the past five years. The figure was 26 percent for rapeseed, 45 percent for rye and 47 percent for wheat.

For him, this dream of a summer has turned into a nightmare. "It's the weakest harvest of my life", says Pritschau, who has been in business for 31 years.

Last year was already a disappointing year for grain farmers in northern Germany. After months of rain, the water in many fields was still so high that many farmers were unable to get their planting done before the frost arrived. But without cold stimulus, winter wheat doesn't bear any fruit. This is why summer wheat -- a variety that yields one-fifth less than its cold-dependent twin -- only got planted in many fields in February.

The German Farmers' Association (DBV) is forecasting harvests of 6 tons per hectare of winter wheat due to the drought, or 20 percent lower than 2017 yields. That's the bad news. The good news for farmers is that prices have also risen 20 percent in the past four weeks alone.

But questions still persist. Is what we are experiencing this summer really evidence of climate change, every sunburn and every hot and sweaty night? Is this summer the final, irrefutable proof that the planet is heating up?

This much is clear: The summer's relentless sunshine matches climate observations of the last 138 years and predictions for upcoming decades with astonishing precision. The planet's average temperature is set to climb by two degrees or more. As a result, there will likely be more droughts, heat waves and heavy rainfall - extreme weather that used to be rare. For the time being, the dry summer of 2003 and the blazing hot summer of 2015 remain unsurpassed in Germany since records began. But if the planet heats up by two degrees, they could become the norm in our latitudes.

Yet it does not mean that all of Germany and indeed the rest of the world will become uniformly hotter and drier. Change will vary from region to region and season to season. Nor does it mean that next summer will necessarily be as hot and dry as this one.

The weather is unpredictable. Sometimes it rains, sometimes it snows. It can be windy. It can be calm. The climate, however, describes the average of these erratic conditions over a long period of time.

In short, this standout summer fits neatly into the 21st century's long-term climate trend. But it is dangerous to read too much into one-off weather occurrences. A single cold, wet summer does not disprove the long-term global warming trend. These exceptions are subsumed into the statistical average.

For this reason, one must be careful not to rush to conclusions and to assume that the current drought is the inevitable consequence of climate change.

'Fewer Extremely Cold Winters'

Nevertheless, the endless summer of 2018 provides a glimpse of what could be in store for the planet, and what life in 50 or 70 years might look like. By 2100, it will perhaps have become perfectly normal. The global temperature will have risen by at least two degrees, and most likely even more.

That, at least, is beyond doubt. Weather records began in Germany in 1881, and already show a rise in average temperature of 1.4 degrees Celsius - not, however, across the entire year but mainly in winter and spring. The temperature exceeds 30 degrees more often and falls below zero less often.

"There will be fewer extremely cold winters in the future,", says Gerhard Lux of the German Meteorological Service (DWD). "But this doesn't mean that winter will be more pleasant. There will be increased rainfall, so less snow and more rain." And that's bad news for winter sports regions, and also for our streets and roads, especially in mountainous areas. Melting permafrost will result in more frequent rockslides.

One positive effect is a reduced likelihood that rivers such as the Rhine will overflow as a result of spring snowmelt. Floods in Cologne, for example, will become less common.

"Spring will arrive earlier than we are used to, as happened this year," explains Lux. "The wine harvest will be earlier and the grape pickers will be wearing t-shirts rather than anoraks."

Lux is concerned less by the heat this summer than the drought, caused by the prolonged high temperatures in Scandinavia. A persistent weather system, such as the one currently keeping temperatures locked above the average, could become more common. It could also have the opposite effect, as evidenced by the heavy rain of summer 2017, which saw sewer systems in northern Germany overflow and cellars flooded.

Persistent weather fronts are made more likely by the fact that it is warming up in the high latitudes more than it is in the lower latitudes. Temperature differences between the Equator and Poland are narrowing. This results in the fast-flowing air currents circulating in the atmosphere, known as jet streams, meandering and causing atmospheric "blocking." In other words, the engine in the atmosphere that ensures constantly changing weather conditions could start to sputter out and slow down.

"When a weather system has become anchored, then there could be rain occurring on one trough axis and persistent drought a thousand kilometers away on the other side," says Lux. "One region will get too much rain and another too little. It's bad news for both."

Lux is aware that many effects of climate change might seem surprising to laypersons. Summers will tend to be hotter but there will also be a slight increase in aggregate rainfall, due to winters becoming damper.

A study conducted by the Climate Service Center Germany in Hamburg suggests that arid summers like the one currently gripping Germany may become more common by the end of the 21st century. The northeast, the southwest, the south of the country and the Alps in particular look set to see dramatically less rain in the summer months.

Germany To Be Spared Worst

Germany, situated relatively far north, will in fact be spared the worst. Mediterranean countries such as Spain are expected to see as much as a three-fold increase in their dry seasons, which would then last for more than five months of the year. Parts of Spain, Italy and Greece would then transform into deserts.

Based as they are on extremely broad-based data, these regional forecasts are not 100 percent reliable. London or Paris, Amsterdam or Aachen? Climate modeling isn't an exact science. Precise coordinates don't tend to be factored in.

Which climate model is the right one? Most scientists use as much forecasting as possible, gradually figuring out the various models' respective strengths and weaknesses. The range of climate predictions is therefore wide, but by no means random. Despite the variety of climate models, there is a consensus -- and the summer of 2018 fits into the picture perfectly.

Germany would in fact be able to cope with an increased frequency of dry periods, although this does not prevent associations, lobbyists and parliamentarians from championing their own causes.

For example, the aridity has just been quantified. Joachim Rukwied, president of the German Farmers' Association, has asked for 1 billion euros in special aid to compensate for drought damage. It would go to any farms whose harvests are down by at least 30 percent compared to their recent averages, due to the drought and heatwave.

Farmers Struggling

One-billion euros. That's more or less the amount the government has pledged to spend on its emergency program to boost old-age care over the next four years. But then, the farmers' association has always had the ear of the conservative Christian Democrats, the government's senior coalition partner, and specifically that of its parliamentary group.

Volker Kauder, the conservatives' parliamentary group leader, took a clear stance on the issue, proclaiming "we should not be stingy." A was a remarkable response, not least given that Julia Klöckner, a member of the Christian Democrats and agriculture minister, had only just sought to distance herself from the farmer lobby's demands. Before paying out 1 billion euros, she said, it was worth waiting for the ministry's own harvest report, due in late August. It now seems doubtful that she will succeed in fighting her corner even within her own party.

Friedhelm Taube, an agricultural scientist based in Kiel and a member of the Agriculture Ministry's scientific advisory board, is among those who believe the farmers are not yet dealing with an emergency, despite the association's protestations to the contrary. The fruit harvest was disastrous last year, he points out, but by winter, the farmers' complaints had completely subsided. Substantial price hikes had compensated for their modest yields.

From land leasing costs, Taube can tell that value creation has flourished in agriculture in the last decade. They rose by more than 50 percent in some regions, and farmers could still afford them. For Germany as a whole, the added value of farmland based on purchase price development was around 100 billion euros. "Anyone who gets into existential difficulties after one bad year has been inefficient," he says.

Werner Schwarz, president of the farmers' association in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, takes a different view. Sure, dairy farmers have gotten back on their feet in the last 18 months, after a long period of struggle, "but not enough to create reserves." The shortage of animal feed due to parched fields means more and more farmers are having to slaughter their herds. In July, 20 percent more animals were slaughtered than usual.

Lobbyist Schwarz also cautions against a scattergun approach. He himself is a pig farmer, his business is doing fine. But a crop farmer doesn't have a pigsty or an apple orchard to make up for losses. Some of his colleagues are seeing a 70 percent drop in their harvests. Without aid, they could find themselves facing bankruptcy.

But Germany would need the EU to sign off on any aid package. The first condition would be that the emergency was a nationwide one. Drought is rarely a nationwide problem. Even in the exceptionally dry summer of 2003, federal and state governments "only" paid out 72 million euros in aid to farms struggling to survive.

The Green Party, meanwhile, has voiced deep-seated criticism of an aid package. With every instance of drought and flooding, the party sees itself vindicated in its conviction that a climate catastrophe is just around the corner. And party leader Annalena Baerbock doesn't buy Klöckner's reservations. "If she's serious, then she wouldn't be blocking agricultural reform, which is urgently needed, at the European level," she says. The European Commission, she points out, only recently proposed that the criteria for agricultural subsidies should be sustainable farming practices rather than farm size. Baerbock thinks it is regrettable that Klöckner rejects this approach.

Good News for Vintners

Unfortunately, the chorus of complaints has somewhat drowned out the fact that not all farmers have been equally hard hit by the dry weather. Asparagus and strawberry farmers, for example, had a good year. And wine-growers could be looking at record harvests.

The south-facing Knipser Himmelsrech Dirmsteiner Mandelpfad vineyard is ideally located to soak up the sun. Wearing shorts, Stephan Knipser, 42, is standing among rows of vines. Here on the edge of the Rhine Valley he grows cabernet sauvignon, a grape that used to be associated mainly with the Bordeaux region.

But Knipser has even had to shield the cabernet sauvignon against excessive heat. The vintner has thinned out the foliage in the middle and is giving the leaves at the top longer to grow. "The grape canopy gets enough air," says Knipser, "but we let the foliage at the top grow so it provides the grapes with shade." Excessive heat can break down acid in the grape, so the wine ends up less fresh and long-lasting.

And if there is not enough water, the leaves' stomata will close and the grapes would stop growing. This can easily happen with young vines on sandy soil. Old vines have much deeper roots, and are therefore far less likely to dry up in hot weather.

"So far we have been very lucky with the weather," says Stephan Knipser, notwithstanding a hailstorm in spring. "Plentiful sunshine means riper grapes and more sugar and therefore more alcohol."

Thirty years ago, Knipser's father was one of the first to start growing sun-worshiping grapes. He came in for a lot of ridicule at the time. These days, he's seen as something of a visionary. "With climate change, these grape varieties are now flourishing here," he says. Knipser even grows Yellow Orleans, believed to have been the favorite tipple of Charlemagne. It long ago disappeared from German vineyards because it rarely ripened in time. But in recent years grapes are ripening earlier in Germany, which according to Knipser, is indicative of climate change.

Stephan Knipser, for one, is a happy man. But what does the scorching hot summer of 2018 mean for everyone else? What's in store for Germany in the next few weeks?

The heat will start to subside, mainly because the days are getting shorter and the nights longer. So the sun has less time to heat up the atmosphere. According to the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, based in Reading, England, the drought could continue, and not just for one or two weeks but for the whole of August and possibly even into September.

'A Quiet Revolution'

Medium-range forecasts are not necessarily completely accurate, of course. How could they be? "It's an experimental product," says meteorologist Kachelmann. "But the best one in the world and very alarming."

So, it will be less hot, but the drought will remain? That's not what farmers, doctors, energy utility providers and fire services want to hear.

But there is a silver lining. Weather and climate research has advanced in leaps and bounds in recent decades. News of extreme heat claiming lives or heavy rainfall causing flooding tends to overshadow the quiet, dogged advances being made in weather modeling, day in, day out, by trial and error. These advances go largely unnoticed. All we ever do is moan whenever a storm strikes an hour later than predicted. Disasters shout, whereas progress whispers.

"We are witnessing a quiet revolution in weather and climate prediction," says Peter Bauer, deputy director of the EZMW's research department. "We've been seeing steady progress for decades. Every 10 years we've been able to add a day to the weather forecast."

These are busy times at the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in Reading. Bauer sometimes ties together over 50 variations of a weather model into one. There is a constant stream of new datasets. The efficient linking of forecasts in the southern and northern hemispheres with the help of satellite data that allow for a systematic overview of the entire planet massively boosted accuracy. Weather prediction is now so reliable that it can help the planet adapt to climate change.

Many ways it can adapt are simple and already tried and tested. Protective grids and windows against hailstorms, the greening of rooftops - as recommended by the Federal Environment Agency. Urban planners must find ways of guarding against flooding in the event of heavy rain. White roof surfaces reflect sunlight and deflect heat. Parks provide shade when the sun shines and absorb moisture like a sponge when it rains.

Farmers also need to adjust. Mixed farming is less vulnerable to extreme weather. Genetically modified crops that can withstand hot, dry weather must also become more acceptable to consumers.

For many people, the summer of 2018 will be one to remember. It's been intense -- a pleasure for some, a nightmare for others. But first and foremost, it has been a wake-up call. We need to start preparing ourselves for warmer times to come, and the advantages and disadvantages they will bring.

By Melanie Amann, Annette Bruhns, Anna Clauß, Hauke Goos, Dietmar Hipp, Ann-Katrin Müller, Martin U. Müller, Timofey Neshitov, Christopher Piltz, Hilmar Schmundt, Olaf Stampf and Steffen Winter

On March 6, 1957, Ghana's most prominent freedom fighter, Kwame Nkrumah, uttered in an address what is inarguably the most poetic inspiration for the struggle for a united Africa. "We are going to create our own Africa personality and identity. It is the only way we can show the world that we are ready for our own battles."  Mr. Nkrumah also added that Ghana's independence was "meaningless unless it is linked up with the total liberation of Africa."  In the more than half a century since then, African states have endeavored to unite their political, social, economic and security interests to leverage their bargaining positions abroad, promote good governance and attain peace and prosperity at home. However, the economic and political identification by African states and people with one another has undermined the enormous diversity of Africans before a world that already sees little benefit in differentiating the Liberian from the Ivorian.  

The African - whether in the east, south, west or north- has a single story. In the colonial version of the story, she is simple-minded, primitive and destitute. The current version of the story differs from the colonial version in tone but not in substance. It still remains true today that to be black and African is to be an object. And like all objects, the African derives her meaning and purpose from her objectifier.  Some might plausibly argue that the problem of the 21st century is the problem of climate change. But no informed person can deny that the most enduring problem of the past half millennia is the problem of the color line. Most specifically, the struggle to put an equal value on the life of a human in Africa as it is put in Europe and elsewhere.

The concept of race has always been fluid. During the Spanish invasion of the Americas, mixed-race Spanish Americans could buy their way out of darkness and inferiority. Through a process known as gracias al sacar, they could purchase whiteness and have the privileges that come with that identity conferred on them by the state. There is no marketplace for purchasing whiteness today, although, one could redeem herself by going to school, praying to Jesus, dressing in suits, eating with a cutlery and living in the West.

Being an African means more than just coming from Africa: It is a special label that is separate and inferior to blackness. It is being black and coming from Africa. The African label means a lot of things to many but generally, it means everything others don't want to be. As a teenager, I wondered why I stood out more than any other student in my high school in Western Massachusetts. Grant it, I had some unique personal qualities and was a favorite of most of my teachers but the interest in me extended far beyond that:  it was as if I was the physical manifestation of a myth about a sub-people from a sub-world.

At a ceremony in the fall of 2008, I met a gentleman by the name of Dongala. He had come from the Congo and was then teaching at a nearby college. We were introduced to each other, I am certain, by someone who thought Africans were always looking for other Africans. Just before Mr. Dongala departed, he gave me an advice that is so commonly given to young diasporan Africans: ``make Africa proud.`` Nevermind the only country in the continent that I know was Ghana.

A decade has passed since that chance encounter with Mr. Dongala. Since then, I have encountered a plethora of people from naive students who wondered if Africans went to school on the backs of animals to professors and so-called experts on Africa whose ignorance of their supposed areas of expertise is rivaled only by their hubris. In their writings, you would likely find references to other equally ignorant so-called African experts whose portrayal of Africans ranges between simplistic and glaringly ethnocentric and dehumanizing. The more leftists among them, the ``we are brothers and I love Africa`` types, tend to see themselves as the reincarnation of Christ in the flesh, the redeemers of the African people. They write about who Africans are and how they live even if the only Africans they know are the handful of local informants they paid. With the aid of the media, research, academic and government institutions, they tell the rest of the world - and particularly their sponsors- the very stories it needs to hear in order to feel better about itself and to salve its moral conscience. 

The African story is not even a story. It is a word, a single label: Africa. You need not explain: every classmate, neighbor and teacher knows what you mean when you say to them that you are going to Africa or you have an African friend. Except Africans themselves have no copyright over their own label. And herein lies a grave danger: because it is an imposed label, the African is coerced into viewing herself through an outside lens that is so narrow it can only see so much. To endear herself to the forces of global money and power, Africa must present herself in that very narrow image in which she is viewed. And in doing what is right for her many poor, she wrongs the majority on the African continent whose lives are much more dignified and much more diverse than portrayed.

It will be blasphemy for the American to be lump together with even the Mexican even though the two are neighbors. Similarly, it will be preposterous to lump the German and the Spanish together even though both speak the same money language. Even when we talk about Asians, we dare not lump the Chinese and the Indians or the Afghans and the Pakistanis together. Yet, when it comes to Africans, we refer not just to a people from a specific region of the world, but to an indistinguishable people whose identity is united around a set of myths and stereotypes that are only grounded in partial reality; a mass of primitive people devoid of any important nuance, a reducible people, a single nuclear family. And how can a people so easily defined and reduced ever be taken seriously?


Since the image is hardly anything beyond a starving child, a half-naked woman in a hut, an unsophisticated or simple-minded man, a content and subservient co-worker or a Swahili speaker, the fully clothed, nourished, articulate, intelligent, ambitious, sophisticated and Dagomba speaking African exist only in her own reality. Since no one on the continent is ever an African in the western perception of the term until a permanent or temporary migration abroad, migrants from Africa are hardly ever prepared to teach the world about the very heart of darkness. Even the educated ones have little choice but to repeat the very things they have learned about themselves abroad.'

The diversity in the continent is so large that even a country-level analysis can be grossly obscuring. To continue to treat Africans in words and in deeds as though they are a collection of sounds and symbols or are a people devoid of rigid boundaries along political, social, religious and ethnic lines and as though they belong to a single family is to grotesquely and unforgivably display ignorance and insecurity. To continue to be fascinated by the African beyond the contents of her ideas, beliefs and strivings is to other her so much so as to lose a sense of her humanity and ultimately your own.


The African cause can be championed without one or even a few Africans speaking on behalf of the more than a thousand million others on the continent. To speak of an African culture is to preposterously reduce more than a thousand million people with rigid cultural boundaries to a single set of ideas and to insult your own eyes and intellect. To speak of an African culture is to make Africa unrecognizable to most of its indigenes.


We can take for granted that many in Africa are poor just like we take for granted that many in the United States are in danger of being killed by someone with a gun without assuming that most Africans are poor or refusing to travel to the United States because of gun violence. The economic, social and political challenges facing Africa are enormous. However, they cannot be overcome without knowing exactly where in Africa and who in Africa is in need. The poor in Africa do not benefit if we deny there is poverty there. However, they also hardly benefit if we assume that everyone there is poor.

My grandmother, who is more than a hundred years old, is living the rest of her life not in Lagos, Nairobi or Johannesburg. In fact, life in those places is as alien to her as life on Mars. She speaks no Swahili or Afrikaans, she lives not in a mud house with a thatch roof and has never seen the beast of the forest. Yet, she lives on the same continent - somewhere in a small town in Ghana's northern Volta where life is fully being lived.

Mohammed Adawulai

Europeans that have visited Africa always speak well about Africans, amidst all the hardships and challenges they face daily but those who haven’t stepped in the continent and don’t even have plans to visit Africa have negative perceptions towards the continent.

Many think Africans are lazy people and if you ask them the reason this is what they say: "Africans have a lot of resources but can’t do anything significant with them. The corrupt leaders always depend on foreign leaders for their daily bread. Africans are religious, therefore, they are always expecting miracles from heaven."

“Cast thy bread upon the waters, for thou shalt find it after many days and bring one-tenth of your income into the storehouse, so that there may be food in my house. Test me in this way,” says the Lord of Armies. “See if I won’t open the windows of heaven for you and flood you with blessings. ”These are some of the Biblical quotations that have inspired and generated a chain of fake pastors, churches, prophets, and bishops, deceiving the people continually around the world.

They are the master keys that open the heart of the poor and hungry congregation to give everything they have to the pastors. Has God’s house becomes a den of thieves, criminals, cheats, adulterers, fornicators, and lairs in Ghana? Ghana is known to be one of the most peaceful and God loving countries in West Africa, with a number of mosques and churches but now it seems everyone is a pastor in the country. The sudden rapid increase of mushroom churches throughout the nation, demands if the church truly cares about the poor, the afflicted and those with diverse problems or just an institution of profit-oriented business.

In my recent visit to Ghana, there is no place I freely passed, without seeing an advert or post boards of pastors, bishops, and prophets, which reminded me of one of the prophecies of Jesus Christ: “Take heed that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.” Matthew 24:4-5, King James Version. Among a multitude of pastors in Ghana, is one called ‘Bishop’ Daniel Obinim, who claims has powers to heal and heads a church known as ‘International God’s Way Church. Ghanaians are very intelligent people, yet I couldn’t find the reason many people have lost their intelligence to follow someone called Daniel Obinim.

I saw on the television of this man who claims to be a pastor healing an impotent man by holding his penis and stomping a pregnant woman’s belly, during church service, talks of her wife’s vagina and involving in other deceitful acts. What has happened to Ghana, this great nation? On the television, I couldn’t believe my eyes, Obinim tells the congregation that he has powers to visit people in their dreams, when the great redeemer or messiah, Jesus Christ, who the storm obeys his voice, didn’t even visit any of his followers, whether dead or alive in their dreams. It’s a fact that some people are using God’s name to steal, confuse, cheat and sleep with members of the church. Is Obinim one of them? Are Bishop and Prophet now titles everyone that claims serving God can confer on himself? The need to ask this question is necessary because the prophets and bishops in Ghana are now too numerous to count when the Bible gives reference to few people as major and minor prophets.

Jesus Christ suffered all kinds of persecution but never insulted or cursed anyone. He was oppressed and afflicted and like a lamb, he was led to the slaughter, without opening his mouth, yet Obinim who claims his powers were given to him by Jesus, on national television, insults and uses profane words on anyone that challenges his claims, including former head of state, John Jerry Rawlings.
How can Ghanaians take such a person serious to generate such multitudes of followers? Something is wrong in Ghana. Ghanaian pastors now drive the most expensive cars. In one church service, collecting money can take place more than five times with each having a definition of its purpose or what it serves. The longest church service in Europe is two hours but in Ghana, there are churches that service last longer than six hours and some eight hours.

With this in the mind of the white man, he says Africans are lazy because they sit in the church for eight hours and work for two hours. Before the end of the church service, the pastors have taken all the money of the congregation who act by faith yet they don’t have enough to eat. Pastors are now competing with corrupt African politicians by driving the most expensive and luxurious cars while the blind-faith congregation is struggling to make earns meet. They cast their bread but gained nothing since many expect miracles from God instead of working hard.

Surprisingly, most of these corrupt churches have hundreds of members, therefore, who do I blame the church or the followers? The church is deeply corrupt that those who give a high amount of money are given high seats and the lowest shares the back seat.
Jesus fed the five thousand hungry people but our modern day pastors take from the poor congregation. Until the second coming of Jesus Christ, fake pastors and prophets like vampires will continue to suck the blood of the sufferers.
Columnist: Joel Savage

President Buhari has assured Nigerians of his administration’s commitment to return the country to the path of peace and prosperity. He also said it was wrong to blame leaders alone for the present state of affairs in the country.

The President, who spoke at the graduation ceremony of Senior Course 40 of the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, Kaduna State, assured of his administration’s efforts to take Nigeria to higher. “May I assure you of this administration’s effort to return our country on the path of peace and prosperity,” he said.

Buhari, who recalled his campaign promises during the last general elections, assured of his administration’s commitment to return the country to the path of peace and prosperity. He said: “I made three key promises to Nigerians. First is to address the various security challenges facing our country; second, to reposition our economy and third to fight the serious challenge of corruption, which had eaten so deep into the very fabric that sustain our nation.

“On the issue of security, we recognize that security challenges abound in all countries of the world, including Nigeria. I am certain, with the consistent efforts of our security agencies; these challenges shall be considerably mitigated and minimized.”

The President said the citizenry cannot be absolved of the blame as well in the nation’s woes. His words: “The change we desire in Nigeria actually starts with us as individuals. In Nigeria, there is the tendency to lay the blame for the state of affairs in the country on the doorsteps of leaders alone.

“Yes, leaders have a major role to play in providing direction and the enabling environment. However, the citizens’ role also is vital in attaining meaningful transformation of any society.” The President hailed the military for their sacrifice, saying:

“Over the years, the Nigerian Armed Forces have provided the appropriate response to the numerous security challenges facing our country. “Their response to Boko Haram insurgency, militancy, kidnapping, activities of separatists and armed militias, amongst others, have been very commendable.

“The military has also committed huge resources towards stability of the West African sub-region and world peace in general. “Our efforts in Liberia and Sierra Leone, which stabilized the West African sub-region readily come to mind.

“More recently, our armed forces have also contributed to the peace in The Gambia, Mali and South Sudan. “It, therefore, goes without saying that a force that is extensively committed to the maintenance of local, national, regional and world peace needs to be adequately prepared to confront security challenges as they emerge.”

Buhari said his administration will give attention to training in the military. His words: “It is pretty obvious that our dear nation is having its fair share of security challenges. “However, it is important to reiterate that capacity building remains the bedrock of combat ready, effective and efficient military.

“Incidentally, our tri-service training institutions, especially the Armed Forces Command and Staff College Jaji, have been playing critical roles in this regard.b“These institutions, as well as the single-service training institutions, must continue to be provided with the requisite support to enable them to discharge their obligations.

“To this end, the Federal Government will continue to give priority to the training and welfare of officers and men of our armed forces. “This is not only because we salute their courage and sacrifice for the safety and stability of our country, but because the armed forces of Nigeria have continued to be the bastion of our unity.”

The President also said he was delighted to observe that amongst the graduating students are 11 international officers from various African countries. He, therefore, called for partnership among African countries to tackle security challenges facing the continent.

Taking into account that Germany is a country many people want to live, work, and study in, they also want to know how to get German citizenship. Germany is a country full of bureaucratic procedures and red tape, so naturally, even the German Federal Foreign Office states that citizenship law is immensely complicated.

Nevertheless, we have divided this guide into comprehensive sections, which can provide you with tips, requirements, and application procedures that show you how to become a German citizen.

What does it mean to have German Citizenship?

When you are living in Germany only as a permanent resident, you do not qualify as a citizen of Germany. This puts some restrictions in your status, and that is why so many permanent residents of Germany seek to get citizenship.

Having German citizenship gives you rights and freedoms that non-citizens do not have. You will have these opportunities as a German citizen:

  • The right to vote
  • The right of free movement
  • The right of assembly and association
  • The right of consular protection
  • Unrestricted access to find a job in Germany
  • The right to become a civil servant, etc.

Besides the rights as per the German constitution, you will also have the obligations and duties that each German citizen has. This includes the integration in society, respect for and obedience of all laws, and even German military service.

Types of German Citizenship

Becoming a German citizen is not possible under all circumstances. There are three general instances that can lead to you getting German citizenship.

    • By naturalization
    • By right of blood or in Latin Jus Sanguinis
    • By right of soil or in Latin Jus Soli

Getting citizenship by naturalization implies that you have fulfilled certain requirements that the German government has set and you qualify to apply for German citizenship. The other type, by right of blood or Jus Sanguinis means that you get German citizenship if you are a direct descendant of German citizens. This includes only your parents and no other relatives. By right of soil or Jus Soli means that you are born within the borders of Germany, so in German soil and that is how you get your citizenship.

All people with the exception of EU, EEA, or Swiss nationals, must fulfill requirements and fall into one of these categories for getting German citizenship.

Despite these three instances being quite straightforward, each one of them has its own rules and regulations, which we will discuss further.

German Naturalization

German naturalization means that after a certain period of living in Germany as a permanent resident, you apply to become a citizen. There are many restrictions and requirements for obtaining naturalization, so not everyone can get it.

German Citizenship Requirements for Naturalization

The requirements that you need to fulfill in order to qualify for naturalization are as follows:

  • You must have lived in Germany on a residence permit for at least 8 years, or
  • You must have lived in Germany on a residence permit for 7 years and attended an integration course (this becomes 6 years on special integration circumstances)
  • You must prove German language proficiency of at least B1
  • You must be financially able to support yourself and your family without any help from the state
  • You must be a law-abiding citizen with no criminal record
  • You must pass a citizenship test
  • You must renounce any previous citizenships

Your residence records are in the government system so that will be an easy requirement to fulfill. For financial stability, you can submit bank statements and other documents, which state your financial situation. In addition, you must give up all previous citizenships, except if the other country does not allow it or it is impossible to give it up. This is the case with many countries in conflict, such as Syria.

One of the most important requirements in this case, which you must prove through testing is your language proficiency. You can prove that you know German up to the B1 level required by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, by providing any of these documents:

  • A German language certificate such as the Zertifikat Deutsch
  • A certification that you have obtained through an integration course, such as the “DTZ – German test for immigrants”
  • A certificate which proves you have completed a German secondary school
  • Admissions proof in a German upper secondary school
  • A certificate which proves you have completed at least 4 years of school in German with a passing grade
  • Proof of completion of higher education degrees in German

If you do not have any document, which proves your language proficiency, you can complete a government language test administered by your citizenship authority. Either way, you must know German in order to be eligible for naturalization or any other type of German citizenship.  

How to apply for German Citizenship Naturalization?

If you can prove that you meet all the requirements for naturalization, you can begin your application process. All persons over the age of 16 are obliged to apply. Parents and legal guardians of children under 16 years old apply for them. The steps to applying for naturalization are as follows:

Get an application form

Since Germany is a big country, each state and place has their immigration office to apply for naturalization. To begin the process, you must get a naturalization application form from one of the following places:

  • The local immigration office
  • If you live in an urban area, go to the city council
  • If you live in a German district, go to the regional district office
  • The town council or any other local authorities

Fill the application form and start compiling a file with all documents, which prove you meet the requirements.

Pass the German Citizenship Test

To prove that you are ready to gain German citizenship, you must pass the citizenship test. This test includes 33 multiple choice questions on German living, society, rules, and laws, as well as questions specific to the place you live. The test takes one hour and you must answer at least 17 questions correctly to pass the test. When you pass the test, you will get a naturalization certificate, which you can add to your document file.

To prepare for the test, you can take an integration course, use the practice test options of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, or simply read more information on German life and laws.

You can be exempt from the naturalization test if you belong to any of these groups:

  • You cannot take the test due to old age, illness, or disability
  • You are under 16 years old
  • You have a higher education degree from a German university in politics, law, or social sciences

Pay the naturalization fees

There are also certain fees associated with applying for German citizenship through naturalization. These are the fees you must pay:

  • Application form for 255 Euros for adults
  • Application form for 51 Euros for children under 16 years old
  • Naturalization/Citizenship test for 25 Euros
  • Citizenship certificate for 25 Euros

Submit all documents

Take the documents which prove you meet naturalization requirements, your application form, the receipts that you have paid all fees, and your naturalization certificate to the office from which you have taken the application form. The officers will go through your case and if approved, you will get the citizenship certificate. The certificate now proves that you are a citizen of Germany and not just a permanent resident.

German Citizenship by Marriage

People who qualify for naturalization are not only those who have had permanent residence in Germany for a specified period of time. If you marry a German citizen you can also get citizenship by applying for naturalization.

Foreign nationals who are already married to a German national must still meet all naturalization requirements and pass the test. However, they should also meet the marriage requirements. This means that the foreign national spouse cannot apply for naturalization unless, the couple has been married for at least two years and have lived in Germany for at least three years.

German Citizenship by Descent

The second type of German citizenship is by right of blood or Jus Sanguinis. This means that you have at least one German parent and it does not take into account whether you were born in Germany or not. You get the German citizenship by descent if your parents register you to the German authorities in the country you are born before you turn one year old. If your parents have different nationalities, you get the German citizenship; however, between the ages of 18 and 23 years old, you will have 5 years to decide which nationality you want to retain.

In addition, if your parents are divorced, then you can get German citizenship by descent only if your parent recognizes you as their legal child by the rules of German law.

You cannot get German citizenship if you were born in a foreign country and your German parents were also born in a foreign country after January 1st, 2000. This rule can be surpassed only if you as the child would be stateless if the German authorities did not accept you and give you a German citizenship. In addition, you cannot claim German citizenship through any other ancestors except your parents, including German citizenship through grandparents.

Another instance where you can get German citizenship through ancestry is if you were adopted by German citizens as a child under 18 years old.

German citizenship by Birth

If you do not have German parents, but are born within the borders of Germany, you qualify for citizenship by birth or by right of soil. This is also the Jus Soli citizenship. You can get this type of citizenship on the following conditions:

  • If at least one of your parents has lived in Germany for at least 8 years before the birth of the child
  • If at the time the child is born, one of the parents had a permanent residence permit

In getting this type of citizenship, the child will again have to choose the citizenship of the parents or the citizenship of Germany between the ages of 18 and 23 years old. The child must give up the nationalities of the parents in order to get the German one, or apply for dual citizenship.

Only children born after February 2nd, 1990, have the right to get this type of citizenship.

German Dual Citizenship

Having a Germany dual citizenship is not an easy task. You cannot have dual citizenship in Germany unless you belong to one of these groups:

  • You are from an EU country or the former Soviet Union
  • You are from a country which does not allow you to give up your citizenship
  • You are an ethnic German
  • You have parents from the U.S
  • You have obtained permission from the German authorities to retain another citizenship

You could have a dual citizenship, but the country you live in determines what rights you will have. If you live in Germany, the country considers you a German citizen and you are entitled to German services and consular help. However, if you live in the country of your other citizenship, you cannot take advantage of German services and cannot get any help from the German consulate.

However, this does not mean that you can give up your obligations. In many instances, you might be required to pay taxes in both countries where you have your citizenships as well as complete military service as per German law.

Dual Citizenship USA/Germany

Based on U.S and German law, you can have a citizenship of both countries. This can happen only in the instances where the child is born to one American and one German parent. In this case, the child is not required to give up either nationality and can hold both.

However, if the child lives in the U.S, they might have the citizenship of Germany, but cannot take advantage of German services. The other way around applies as well. U.S and German dual nationals are not exempt from military service, and can be required to file taxes in both countries. In addition, they cannot enter the U.S with a German passport and the other way around. They must present the German passport to enter Germany and the U.S passport to enter the U.S.

In another case, if an American citizen applies for naturalization in Germany, the American will have to give up their U.S citizenship to obtain the German one.

Dual Citizenship Germany/UK

As is the case with dual citizenship for U.S and Germany, the same applies to Germany and the U.K. Children born with one parent from the U.K and one from Germany have the right to retain both citizenships.

With the exit of the U.K from the EU though, the matters have become more complicated for those working and living in Germany with a UK citizenship. Germany allows dual citizenships for EU nationals, but now that the U.K will not be in the EU due to Brexit, what will happen is still unclear.

It has been proposed that UK citizens get dual nationalities for Germany so that they can have freedom of movement within the EU. This remains to be solved and is up to whether Germany will allow U.K citizens who apply for German citizenship to keep their U.K citizenship too.

Giving up the German Citizenship

German rules do not allow its citizens to give up the German citizenship. More specifically, if the German citizen wants to renounce their citizenship to avoid obligation to Germany such as taxes or military service, they will not be allowed to do this. So since you cannot give up the citizenship, you can lose it under these circumstances:

  • If you request it from the German authorities and another country has offered you citizenship
  • If a German child is adopted by a foreigner, they will lose German citizenship
  • If you join the military forces of the country where you hold another citizenship without the permission of the German authorities
  • If you obtain another citizenship, you will lose the German citizenship
  • If your citizenship has been obtained through naturalization and you lose it due to illegal activities

Renaturalization of German Citizenship

If you have renounced your German citizenship in the past or have lost it for reasons other than criminal activity, you can apply for renaturalization. The procedure will be the same as with those who apply for naturalization the first time, and you will have to give up all previous citizenships.

Theodor Wonja Michael sitzt in seinem Arbeitszimmer zwischen überfüllten Bücherregalen und afrikanischen Holzfiguren. Michael ist Deutscher. Afro-Deutscher. Doch sein Deutschsein wird immer wieder in Frage gestellt.

Der 84-Jährige mit der Halbglatze streicht sich beim Erzählen über seinen grauen Vollbart. Am Kölner Hauptbahnhof habe ihn mal ein Mann gefragt, was er denn sei. "Ich bin Deutscher", hat er geantwortet. Aber der Mann ließ nicht locker: "Sie sind Deutscher?" - "Ja, natürlich", hat Michael erwidert. "Ja, aber Sie sehen doch gar nicht aus wie ein Deutscher?" Daraufhin konterte Michael: "Entschuldigung, kennen Sie das Grundgesetz? Steht dort drin, wie ein Deutscher auszusehen hat?" Dann ist der Mann beschämt weggegangen.

Weiße Afrikaphantasien

Dass es in Deutschland schon seit Jahrhunderten Schwarze gibt, wollen viele nicht glauben. Gerade in den 1930er und 40er Jahren, erinnert sich der gebürtige Berliner an seine Kindheit, sollten Schwarze weißen Vorstellungen entsprechen. "Jeder bessere Zirkus hielt sich eine Völkerschau. Den Besuchern wurde vorgemacht, wie Exoten sind: afrikanische Tänze, das waren Phantasietänze, und Musik", erzählt Michael und fügt nach einer kurzen Pause kopfschüttelnd hinzu, dass die Menschen eigentlich für dumm verkauft worden seien. Hüttendorfkulissen wurden aufgebaut, vor denen dunkelhäutige Menschen trommelnd weiße Afrikaphantasien erfüllen mussten. Auch Michael trat als Sohn eines Kameruners und einer weißen Deutschen nach dem Tod seiner Eltern in Völkerschauen auf. "Die Rolle, die ich spielen sollte, hat mir nicht gefallen", erzählt Michael. Afrikanische Tänze aufzuführen, zu denen er gar keine Beziehung hatte, oder ein Lied zu singen, dessen Text er nicht verstand, widerstrebte ihm. "Sich für Geld anschauen zu lassen ist eine Erniedrigung."

Doch um im Nationalsozialismus zu überleben, spielte er als Jugendlicher auch als Komparse in Kolonialfilmen wie "Münchhausen" mit. Gehasst hat er diese Rollen als Diener. "In diesen Kolonialfilmen brauchte man ja Exoten. Und diese Exoten waren wir." Die Statistenrollen boten ihm zwar ein wenig Schutz. Trotzdem hatte er bei den Filmdrehs auch Angst, wie viele andere Schwarze ins Konzentrationslager zu kommen. "Mein politisches Bewusstsein begann damals und ich dachte: Auweia. Man hat uns alle hier zusammen, da kann ein Lastwagen kommen und uns alle abtransportieren. Und so gerne, wie wir zusammen gewesen sind, so gefährlich war das", erinnert sich der 84-Jährige. Deshalb hatte er kaum Kontakt mit anderen Afro-Deutschen. Überhaupt hat er so selten wie möglich das Haus verlassen, denn als Schwarzer drohte ihm unter den Nazis die Zwangssterilisation. "Das war das Gefährlichste und deshalb ging man nicht in ein Krankenhaus", sagt Michael.

Als Afro-Deutscher für den Krieg gemustert

Zweimal wurde er für den Krieg gemustert. Aber beim ersten Mal hätten sie ihn gleich wieder weggeschickt, als sie seine Hautfarbe sahen, erinnert sich Michael verschmitzt lächelnd. "Beim zweiten Mal, als man wirklich jeden nahm, der ein Gewehr tragen konnte, bin ich wieder gemustert worden." Vor die Kommission sei er da gekommen. "Und da sagte dann einer: Nee, das können wir nicht machen. Auf jeden Fall kam ich da weg und ich weiß noch, wie ich zur Tür raus kam und dachte: Gott sei Dank!" Doch die Nazis waren durch die Musterung auf ihn aufmerksam geworden und schickten ihn im Jahre 1943 ins Arbeitslager. Er war der einzige Schwarze in dem Rüstungsbetrieb. "Es gibt eine Taktik, die man dann anwendet", erklärt Michael. "Man tut nicht viel, man stellt sich nach Möglichkeit dumm." Michael überlebte.

Aber ohne Ausbildung blieb ihm nach dem Krieg nichts anderes übrig, als wieder mit der Schauspielerei anzufangen, erzählt er und holt aus einem Umschlag alte Fotos heraus, die ihn beim Theaterspielen zeigen. In unzähligen Stücken hat er mitgespielt. In vielen Shakespeare-Inszenierungen zum Beispiel, in einem Stück über Martin Luther King, oder in "Miss Daisy und ihr Chauffeur". "Seit 60 Jahren stehe ich nun auf der Bühne", resümiert Michael lächelnd und nicht ohne Stolz. Dazu hat er noch Wirtschaft und Politik studiert und unter anderem als Chefredakteur des "Afrika Bulletins" gearbeitet.

Auch wenn er in Deutschland aufgewachsen ist, war Afrika immer ein Teil von ihm. "Ich habe mich seit der Kindheit mit Afrika beschäftigt. Mein Vater hat vorm Schlafengehen immer viele Geschichten aus afrikanischen Märchen erzählt." In den 1960er Jahren ist Michael dann schließlich selber einmal nach Afrika gereist und hat auch den Geburtsort seines Vaters in Kamerun besucht. "Das war herrlich", erinnert sich Theodor Michael und blickt aus dem Fenster auf den kleinen Garten seines Kölner Reihenhauses. Hat ihn das gestärkt? "Nein", erwidert er. "Ich habe immer gewusst, was ich bin. Deutsch. Afro-Deutsch."

Jana Pareigis

Redaktion: Katrin Ogunsade

As one with the burden of God to bring back sanity into homes, I decided to write this book as a follow up to my already published piece on family titled: “Dismantling family Roadblocks”. It is a must read for every family.

I have been privileged to learn and understand a lot about marriage especially African Marriage in Diaspora through counselling and working with families under the verge of divorce. In some cases, there have been success stories while in others, it had been the cases of taking a horse to the stream and not been able to force it to drink water.

Marriage is under a serious attack in our present day than ever before. At the foundation of marriage, every marriage enjoys the benefits of God’s blessing and unity but human selfishness, Individual rights, pride, cultural difference play major roles in destroying homes.

Among Africans living in an environment in which marriage I believe has being devalued spiritually, socially and legally, couples face serious challenges in their marriages.

Hardly could marriage thrive in the truthfulness of its covenants with a threat of divorce or separation. Some people even question the existence of a good normal relationship and some of the problems in the face of marriage can be attributed to many factors. I remember a program I hosted some time ago on marriage where a brother in an attempt to help me jokingly questioned saying: “In normal or abnormal marriages!”

The house was engulfed in laughter. I however kept what he said to my heart. One of the things to realize these days is that there are normal and abnormal marriages. These when properly broken down might give rise to yet many more terms.

In reality however, there ought to be a single form of marriage: “A sanctified institution ordained by the Creator of mankind for the good of man”. In the scenario where there are different forms of it, one is left with just the choice of understanding how far things have deteriorated. This deterioration is largely traced to interferences by various cultures.

The term culture, according to the English dictionary addresses ideas, beliefs and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a society. Hence, it should be understood that it is something transferred from generation to generation. Broken By the Binder is an eye opening Book aimed at highlighting how our inability to blend the various cultures has hampered our efforts. Shattered dreams on one side, broken lives on the other! What about the toll of all these on our future hope: Our Children?

It is time to do something and salvage our homes. The time is now! Tomorrow may be too late. Go get a copy today. Give it as a GIFT to a family and allow the Holy Spirit to illuminate the eyes of men and women on how to add honey to our moon using the contents of this divinely inspired Book.

Shalom and more of God’s Blessings!

Pastor Darlington C.
Chapel of Believers International Ministries Hamburg
+49 151 229 07 637

On the 9th and 10th of June 2018, the Hafen City of Hamburg was electrified with delicious, healthy, tasty and super fabulous African food. Vendors and African restaurants owners from Hamburg and all over Germany displayed all kinds of tantalizing menus. The African Food Festival is the most diverse event dedicated to contemporary African food and culture in the Hafen City.

The excellent weather played an important role in attracting people from all walks of life, the gathering were seen enjoying delicious Africa dishes accompanied by live music, and Hamburg finest DJ’s were around to treat the crowd to latest music.
african food festival hamburg 2

The welfare of kids was well taking care of at the Kids Corner, this made it possible for parents to have fun with their friends and love ones. Magda Tedla participated, presenting her Healthy Food Program for children. Menus from Tunis to Cape Town, and Accra to Addis Ababa were on display. The food stalls, provided for all, Pescetarians and Vegetarians were not left out, as there was more than enough for them.

Prices of food and drinks were affordable “Acheke, Fufu, Jollof rice, Moin Moin, Koki Beans, Eba, Akple, Kelewele and Tuo Zaafi. The East African kitchen presented the gathering with Pilau, Chapati, Mukimo, Ugali, Nyama Choma and Matoke which is very popular in Uganda. Caribbean Kitchen was also on display, it is simply the same as the African kitchen…

Make-Up artist, Natural Hairy stylist and Fashion Designers had their stands.

Pamela Owusu-Brenyah, originally from Hamburg, was glad to bring the event to Hamburg after experiencing a huge success in Berlin. The festival had over 5000 visitors in Berlin. Hamburg in a few years to come will experience a boom.
african food festival hamburg 4

Mrs. Owusu-Brenyah the organizer had this to say; „African cuisine offers a lot of potential and is very diverse. I want to use the festival to raise awareness and recognition for African food. The cultural exchange and the experience of a new Africa - especially the gastronomic side is very important. AFRO X POP has come to stay, expect another fantastic event next year. Prominent stars like Otto Addo (Football Trainer), Mark Pomorin (FIFA Football Agent) and Young Crhyme (Musician and Film Producer) were around to give maximum support.

There is an urgent need for awareness regarding the development and promotion of education. The question we have to ask is, do we want a large quantitative society or a relatively bright, promising and qualitative community? It is in our best interest to yearn for a worthy society through pragmatic, measurable and achievable programs.

The African Youth Education Initiative that began years ago in Hamburg was tailored to empower Africans in Germany to take tertiary education seriously. Go to school, learn a trade or study. Get a good job, pay their taxes, be happy people, and make Germany and their birth country great.

The aim of the RHENSIUS-KROHN-AYE PREIS; is to encourage and motivate parents of African heritage to be committed to their children’s schooling, particularly at the primary school level. Those who supplement teachers’ efforts at early stages turn to nature brilliant kids. Be a great parent and win 500€!

Individuals and institutions making a meaningful impact in the communities are acknowledged every year.

The AYE scheme has been evolving rapidly; we have more than 500 people in attendance, although the Albert-Schäfer-Saal in the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce, "IHK", can contain only about 300 people. At 7pm the hall was completely full. The above is a clear indication that organizers are confronted with new challenges.

It was uncomfortable and humiliating to have people travel as far as Kassel, Berlin and Munich and not be able to enter the hall, as at one point the hall had to be closed, and those who came out could no longer be allowed in. The likelihood that more people will attend is high.

In the process of creating educational awareness, motivating young people and showcasing role models, organizers have succeeded in creating an institution, a tradition and a unique platform. This can be used to achieve multiple purposes, such as encouraging more Africans to actively participate in day-to-day politics.

 A befitting, bigger hall is needed, and more finance will be required to administer, plan and execute such professional projects. In addition, more committed and professionals are needed. Such projects can no longer be coordinated with a low budget and solely on a voluntary basis. There is a need to raise more funds to be able to meet the high expectations.

AYEA Schleswig Holstein: What is good for Hamburg is good for Stuttgart and Berlin, so the project will be taking off in other major cities in phases. This will be done in collaboration with community leaders on the ground. Communities first have to build dedicated and trustworthy teams. Locations must be excellent.

Masters & PhD Students:
Unlike the young students who are being motivated and encouraged to push further, there must be clear guidelines, categories and a board in place to nominate and select Master’s and PhD students. Currently, the organizers are reluctant to accept the challenge, citing capacity inabilities.

The younger generation isn’t ready to work for less remuneration or be unsalaried. We do understand their concern; however, if care is not taken we might have to start all over again. TopAfric e.V. needs to restructure and strengthen its foundation to enhance her chances of sustaining the ever-growing AYE project.

 "You are successful until you have successful successors"

The attempt to effectively monitor and provide the old AYEA students with information that will help them address their day-to-day problems has not been successful. We have failed in assessing and recruiting them into the pool of expertise available to us and the community at large.

The www.ayeawards.de website could be better. Help us make it better!

Yes we want to succeed, but we can only succeed together.
Donations: Individuals and institutions who make donations will be provided with a donation receipt, “Spendenquitung”, to enable them to claim their money back from the Tax Office – “Finanzamt”.

Konto-Inhaber: TopAfric e. V.
Bank: Hamburger Sparkasse
IBAN: DE45 2005 0550 1203 1347 45

Steuernummer 17/442/19155

God Bless Germany!
God Bless Africa!

Germany's centre-left Social Democrats on Sunday elected Andrea Nahles, a combative and outspoken former labour minister, as the first woman leader of the 155-year-old party.
Known for her lectern-thumping speeches and occasional outbursts of child-like humour, the 47-year-old single mother joins Chancellor Angela Merkel at the top of German politics -- and as the woman who may one day seek her job.
"We're breaking through the glass ceiling in the SPD," said Nahles at the delegates' meeting in the city of Wiesbaden. "And the ceiling will stay open."
Well-connected within her party, Nahles, a former leader of its Jusos youth wing, won 66 percent of the vote, beating Simone Lange, 41, an ex-policewoman and mayor of the city of Flensburg.
The less than stellar result against an outsider reflected lingering resentment within the party against the decision, strongly promoted by Nahles, to once more govern as junior partners to Merkel's conservatives.
Electing a female leader is "a sign of progress that was long overdue," said the SPD's outgoing interim leader, Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, who called it "a historic moment". In the lead-up to the vote, well-wishers had ironically expressed hope that Nahles would do worse than her predecessor Martin Schulz.
A repeat of his 100-percent party backing last year amid a euphoric "Schulz hype" would be seen as a bad omen given that in the end, he scored just 20.5 percent in the September 2017 general election, the party's worst post-war result.

While Schulz's roller-coaster ride in German politics has shuddered to a halt, the task of revitalising the dispirited SPD now falls to Nahles.
A survey last week by Infratest dimap found that 47 percent of respondents doubted that the party veteran is the right person to lead a "renewal", while just one third expressed confidence.
The challenge for her labour party now will be to at once govern responsibly with Merkel, and convince its dwindling band of working-class voters that it is still their champion.
Nahles vowed that the SPD will fight for social justice and welfare, declaring that "solidarity is what is most lacking in the globalised, neoliberal, turbo-digitalised world".
She pledged a fight for decent wages as technology destroys traditional jobs, and a pro-EU foreign policy that also emphasises pacifism and international cooperation.
Nahles, from the party's left wing, scored some landmark successes under the previous Merkel coalition government, notably in introducing a minimum wage.
When voters declined to reward the SPD for such gains, the party initially vowed a muscular fight from the opposition benches.
Nahles at the time summed up the SPD's combative spirit against the Merkel government with a street brawler's phrase, telling journalists that "from tomorrow we'll smack 'em in the face".
When it turned out the SPD would likely rejoin Merkel after all, but drive a tough bargain in the process, she used a kindergarten taunt that loosely translates as "na-na na-na boo-boo".
It was not out of style for Nahles, who once mocked Merkel's party in the Bundestag with a slightly off-key rendition of the reality-denying theme song of Swedish children's book hero Pippi Longstocking.
While some find such performances grating, few underestimate Nahles, who, like Merkel, is considered a sharp strategist, hard worker and bareknuckle political operator.
When she invigorated her party with a passionate speech in January, the tabloid-style Bild daily paid her the questionable compliment of being "the only real guy" in the SPD.
Nahles, the daughter of a bricklayer, hails from a small village in the rural Eifel region where she still lives in her great-grandparents' farmhouse with her young daughter.
A church-going Roman Catholic, she has described herself as a conservative at heart, albeit one who fights for working-class people.
Nahles wrote in her high school yearbook that one day she wanted to be "either a housewife or chancellor".
She founded her party's first chapter in her home village and, while studying German language and literature, joined the SPD youth wing, which she headed from age 25.
In her career since, she has been a key figure in several crucial power plays and fought former chancellor Gerhard Schröder's Agenda 2010 welfare cuts, telling him she had no time for "political machos".
Most recently she sidelined the two men who had dominated the SPD, Schulz and former foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel. Both are now watching German politics from the parliamentary backbenches.

The Local.de

Let me start by introducing myself, my name is Nadine Corine a.k.a NaCo and I am a German woman who has a lot of love for the great continent of Africa.
Over the years, I have been fortunate to mingle with different Africans from different parts of Africa with different cultures, traditions, religions, and characters here in Germany.
These different experiences and encounters have immensely affected my life as well as my way of thinking, both positively and negatively.
So I pose this question: Why do Africans destroy the hard work of their own brothers and sisters? Why can’t they appreciate rather than depreciate each other’s sweat and labour? In today’s slang, why do Africans hate on each other?
Nowadays the term “hater” or "hate on" refers to someone who is jealous of an individual or jealous of another person’s work, achievement, success, business, relationship, money, and the list goes on.

Whenever an African in Germany decides to make a difference within the Community by either establishing an event or business, the other Africans don’t support it or try to destroy it.
I have personally witnessed this trend of non brotherliness amongst the community I so very much love. Why can’t they all just get along and support each other? Why do they fight one another? Backbite each other? Gossip about nonsense. But most especially, why do they deliberately destroy each other’s hard work.
A lot of African brothers have opened clubs, restaurants, and even held events, shows, and concerts only for it to be destroyed or not supported by other African brothers.
The African Brother believes that he knows how to organize or establish better than the guy who is currently doing it. So rather than supporting or helping the current guy who has already established the activity, he would rather prefer to start something else from the ground up.

I have seen this trend fail too many times and I urge my African friends to help one another. Don’t discriminate against each other, just work with each other. You all have one thing in common; you are Africans and are all from one ancestor. You are just like a big family with one mum and one dad.

Don’t destroy each other, help each other. There is power in numbers. When you all come together and stand together, you can move mountains.
God didn’t create you to fight each other; he created you to help each other.
So I urge all African brothers to unite and work together.

Nadine Corine -/Bremen


Hamburger Sparkasse (HASPA) a prominent bank situated in Hamburg, Germany, donated the sum of 2.000 € (Two thousand euros) to IMIC e.V on the 14th of November 2013.

The donation from Haspa was given to Mrs. Sylvaina Gerlich, Chairlady of IMIC, by Mr. Andreas Meyer during an award ceremony at the Walddörfer sports club. Mrs. Bettina Behrens, leader of the branch located at Bramfelder chaussee 493 was also present.

This donation originated from the lottery-savings Sparkasse customers. Customers can win up to 50.000€ with a 1,00€ input every month. The lottery costs five euros and four euros gets saved from there. 25cents is donated to a good non-profit organizations such as Brakula, Freiwilligenboerse, and IMIC.

With 2,5million euros collected, over 100 non-profit organizations in Hamburg benefit from this lottery system every year. Each organization is recommended by a Haspa branch.


The number of qualified professionals in Germany from countries such as India and China is on the rise, according to a media report published on Tuesday. The Rheinische Post (RP) states in its report that about one in four specialists (22.8 percent) who come to Germany with the EU Blue Card are from India, followed by people from China, Russia, Ukraine and Syria.

At the end of 2016, 97,865 Indians were living in Germany, according to the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR). This figure was drastically lower nearly a decade ago; the number of Indians in Germany was only 42,495 in 2007.

READ ALSO: The five most common challenges Indians face in Germany

Since the EU Blue Card - a residence permit issued by an EU member state to professionals from non-EU/EEA countries - was introduced in 2013, the number of cards issued as work permits in Germany to people from various countries has steadily been on the increase.

In the first half of 2017 alone 11,023 cards were issued across the Bundesrepublik, RP reports, referencing data from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF).

In 2016, this figure was 17,362 - an significant increase from a total of 11,290 cards handed out in 2013.

In order to be issued with a card, a person needs to fill two prerequisites: possession of a university degree and evidence of a binding job offer with an annual salary of at least €49,600. In the fields of mathematics, IT, natural sciences, medicine or engineering, one’s salary must be at least €38,888.

The card is initially valid for up to four years, but this can be extended. After 33 months of working in Germany, holders of an EU Blue Card can be granted a permanent settlement permit. Though this can be reduced to just 21 months with a B1 German language certificate.


Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs. A United Nations food agency is pushing a new kind of diet for a hungry world. It ranks high in nutritional value and gets good grades for protecting the environment: edible insects.

The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization hailed the likes of grasshoppers, ants and other members of the insect world as an underutilised food for people, livestock and pets. A new report says two billion people worldwide already supplement their diets with insects. Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs.

While most edible insects are gathered in forests, the UN says mechanisation can boost insect-farming production. Currently most insect farming serves niche markets such as China.



The weekend of April 12th - 14th 2013, African Day was celebrated in a sub division called Hohenhorst, (a suburb in Hamburg, Germany) There were lots of activities for both parents and kids.  Among the activities was soccer competition for kids, art drawing, cooking and sale of artifacts.

The soccer game featured a mini-African cup competition which all the kids participated in and enormously enjoyed.  It showed them team spirit and everybody who played was a winner. A Hip Hop dance crew also performed during the half time soccer game. Deyon Martins further energized the crowd with his Afro-Pop music.  The kids were dancing and celebrating to his wonderful tunes.

The end of the Friday show featured a viewing of an African movie called No Time To Die.  Everybody who attended watched the film. The Saturday program started with a fashion show which featured clothes from different regions of Africa. The presenter, Elizabeth Boateng, described the clothes being displayed

Then there were opening speeches from actress, Dayan Kodu, and Irene Appiah, from the Board of Education in Hamburg.  After which was a short film called Uwe & Uwe. The Saturday show also featured West African drumming, Kora guitar playing by Saliou and the group Djante Bi. They presented spectacular dance choreograph/ music from Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau and Guinea. The Djante Bi group consists of four drummers and six dancers from Ivory Coast, Senegal, Guinea, Togo, Ghana and Germany.  The audience was elated

 During the musical break, there was African food, Jewellery display, and snacks. 

The end of Saturday show saw DJ Arthur performing different beats such as Azonto, Highlife, Reggae and Afro beats.   Over all it was a wonderful and successful show.  The organizers deserve two thumbs up.

Article by Paulina and Maame


London will celebrate the biggest and most spectacular ‘African Beauty Pageant’ show this year. ‘MISS FACE OF AFRICA EU 2013’, heralds the “BIGGEST” African cultural event this DECADE, will be buzzing with the:
→ Feistiest Looks
→ A Runway full of Attitude
→ Amazing Hair & Character
→ An ignited stage of Talent
→ Fashion and Headline Performances
With a long list of recognisable faces all across the globe in Music, Comedy and Dance, to captivate our audience and raise an awareness of world poverty, but the most important of all, ‘FACE OF AFRICA EU’ aims to command a place in the hearts and minds of the audience and communities, about the significance of “How a few coins to Charity, is a mighty achievement to Poverty”—Tuesday October 15th 2013 indigO2 at The O2, Peninsula Square, London SE10 0DX Tube: North Greenwich Doors open at 17.00 Gmt.

This entertaining event will showcase the hottest Afro trends, designers and bring together inspiration and innovation under one roof, meeting the needs of even the most discerning audience. Miss Face of Africa platform conveys nothing less than a seductive stage of cultural magnificence, which complements the relationship between body & garment by combining a seductive outlook on beauty & culture. This is a remarkable events that will bring together organizations from various sectors including governmental, non-governmental, private, international and bilateral organizations under one roof with highly competitive and professional advantages; thereby serving as the platform for an open and wide-ranging media/beauty opportunities. With quality candidates, face-to-face interviews, and first-rate facilities of networking possibilities, just a few of the benefits that will be offered at the event. This will be a stunning occasion to experience.

For Ticket please visit
Axs: www.axs.com 08448 24 48 24
Ticketmaster: www.ticketmaster.co.uk 0844 844 000
Ticketline: www.ticketline.co.uk 0871 424 4444
Seetickets: www.seetickets.com 0871 230 1097
Tickets also available at The O2 main box office.

Many migraine sufferers lie down in the dark when they get an attack - and while they're there the best thing to do is have sex, German neurologists have discovered.  A bit of careful copulation can do wonders for those in the throes of a migraine attack - and it even works when a person is alone - said scientists at Münster University, North Rhine-Westphalia.

Writing in the scientific journal Cephalagia (headache), they said symptoms were eased for 60 percent of those who had sex at the same time as a migraine. This was a better rate than for many other kinds of headache, their research showed.

Die Welt newspaper cited the report saying the scientists had surveyed 350 headache sufferers for their work.

For migraine sufferers – which make up 14 percent of German women and eight percent of German men – researchers found sex to be a particularly effective cure as 60 percent said it helped with the pain. Thirty three percent said that sex made their headache worse.

Cluster headache victims were, the paper said, less likely to benefit from sex as the researchers found only 37 percent felt better afterwards. In fact, around half said they felt much worse if they had sex while their head was hurting.

The German Society for Neurology says migraines are the most common neurological malady in the country. Non-sexual exercise, relaxation techniques and regular daily routine have all also been shown to help.

The Local/jcw


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Hamburger Sparkasse (HASPA) a prominent bank situated in Hamburg, Germany, donated the sum of 2.000 € (Two thousand euros) to IMIC e.V on the 14th of November 2013.

The donation from Haspa was given to Mrs. Sylvaina Gerlich, Chairlady of IMIC, by Mr. Andreas Meyer during an award ceremony at the Walddörfer sports club. Mrs. Bettina Behrens, leader of the branch located at Bramfelder chaussee 493 was also present.

This donation originated from the lottery-savings Sparkasse customers. Customers can win up to 50.000€ with a 1,00€ input every month. The lottery costs five euros and four euros gets saved from there. 25cents is donated to a good non-profit organizations such as Brakula, Freiwilligenboerse, and IMIC.

With 2,5million euros collected, over 100 non-profit organizations in Hamburg benefit from this lottery system every year. Each organization is recommended by a Haspa branch.


And the winner of the 2017 Miss World pageant is...Miss India Manushi Chhillar. Stephanie Hill, Miss England, was the first runner up and Miss Mexico Alma Andrea Meza Carmona was second runner up in the 67th Miss World contest.  It is estimated 126 women from all around the globe took part in the pageant which occurred in the Sanya, China. But only one lucky lady could walk away with the crown, which eventually went to a 20-year-old medical student from Haryana, India.

Stephanie Del Valle, the last year's Miss World winner from Puerto Rico, presented the honor at the Sanya City Arena.  The big win for Miss India comes after the country's 17-year dry spell in the pageant. In 2000, Quantico star Priyanka Chopra won the crown.The TV and film star took to Twitter to congratulate Chhillar, writing, "And we have a successor!Congratulations @ManushiChhillar on becoming #MissWorld2017. cherish and learn, and most importantly enjoy it. Bravo."

Chhillar is the sixth Indian woman to win the coveted title. Reita Faria was the first, claimingt the title back in 1966. Film star Aishwariya Rai Bachchan won in 1994, Diana Haydon in 1997, Yukta Mookhey in 1999 and Chopra in 2000. During the final five question and answer section, Chhillar was asked which profession she believes deserved the highest salary.

According to Economic Times, she said, "I think a mother deserves the highest respect and when you talk about salary it's not always about cash but I feel it's the love and respect that you give to someone. My mother has always been the biggest inspiration in my life." She added, "All mothers sacrifice so much for their kids. So, I think it is the job of a mother that deserves the highest salary."

We bet her mom liked that one! Check out more moments from the 2017 World Pageant...

Globe Trotters
Contestants perform in colorful ensembles at the final of the 67th Miss World Competition in Sanya, south China's Hainan Province, Nov. 18, 2017.
Glitter Girls
The contestants pose in glittering ensembles during the 67th Miss World contest final in Sanya.
Miss Mexico
Miss Mexico Alma Andrea Meza Carmona walked on stage during the 67th Miss World contest in Sanya, on the tropical Chinese island of Hainan on Nov. 18, 2017.
by Meg Swertlow